Dr. jur. Bruno
Paul Karl Friedrich Winkler, author and statistician, son of Hans
Winkler, a physician, was born on February 17, 1889
in Straßburg (Elsaß) and died in Offenburg on April 23, 1960.
Originally, Winkler was
an evangelical. Later,
he was converted to Catholicism. He had a deep sense for religion as well as
esotery and matters which were beyond human perception and often unexplainable.
This made him join the theosophical Swedenborg-society, of
which he became a valued member. According to his daughter, Winkler
inherited his feeling for the imperceptible from his mother, a
well-educated woman, who had a strong interest in spirituality and
learned him the love for literature.
In 1912, Winkler promoted at the Legislation Faculty of the Royal
Marburg University. His inauguration speech was entitled Der Rückgriff unter Gesamtschuldnern. In 1923,
he started to work as a statistician. Shortly after, he became an
Winkler has been married twice. The first marriage, which came to an end
because of the decease of his wife after twenty years of marriage,
remained childless. In the subsequent marriage with the authoress Oly
Mosel, born on March 25,
1909, who published under the alias Oly Sölm, his one and only daughter,
Ellen-Marie, was born on
October 6, 1940.
the Winklers lived in Farchant, later in Bühl. After the failed attempt
on Hitler in July 1944, they fled to Upper-Bavaria. One of Winkler's
relatives was involved in the circles around Count Von Stauffenberg, who
on July 20, 1944, had put a bomb under Hitler's table in his
headquarters. In Berlin, in an action because of the Sippenhaftung,
the SS penetrated into the house of another cousin and killed
him, his wife and a friendly couple who was visiting them. Winkler was
advised urgently to flee, since he had the same relation to his cousin
as the cousin who was killed by the SS. In 1945, the Winklers
returned to Bühl.
After World War II, Winkler worked as a freelance journalist for a newspaper
In the beginning, Winkler showed himself an author of historic novels.
His first novel, Der Marquis von Villebon, a historic novel,
situated in France in the beginning of the 17th century during the reign
of Louix XIV, was published in 1925 by J.H.Ed. Heitz in Straßburg.
Around 1930, Boot publishers in The Hague (NL) published De beeldhouwer van
Krakau. This book, which was reprinted until after the war, was a
translation by J. Tersteeg of Winkler's Die große Sühne, a
novel about the life of the German sculptor Veit Stoß (1438-1533),
famous for his altar of the Blessed Virgin in the church of Our Lady in
In 1930, Merlin publishers in Baden-Baden published Der Stern von
Assisi - ein Franziskus-Roman, a novel about the life of
Francis of Assisi (± 1181-1226).
In 1931, Meister publishers in Werdau published the sports novel Endspurt.
In 1937, two novels were published. Müller publishers in Hamburg
published the novel Holl im Glück; Regulus publishers in
Görlitz published Und
dies geheimnisvolle Buch...! Das Leben des Michel Nostradamus: die
Geschichte eines Mannes zwischen zwei Welten, a
non-political novel about the life of Nostradamus (1503-1566).
1942, the novel Motor und Liebe was published.
of Winkler's novels
Marquis von Villebon
beeldhouwer van Krakau
The Hague, 1930
part in the world and the relation between Germany and the foreign
Winkler not only
wrote novels, but also treatises on the relation between Germany and the
foreign countries and about achieving peace in Europe.
Publications, dating from the '30's
In the '30's; under his own management, Winkler published three
treatises on the relation between Germany and the foreign countries and
about how to achieve peace in Europe. In 1934, he published the book Der Sieg des Friedens - eine Erzählung
and the brochure Der Weg in die Freiheit
- Die Erfüllung unseres Anspruchs auf Gleichberechtigung und die
anderen außenpolitischen Forderungen des Programms der NSDAP. In
1935, he published the brochure Groß-Deutschland.
In the '30's, Winkler was a nationalist who deeply loved his native country. His
publications which date from 1934 and 1935 show that he, like many of
his compatriots, considered the Versailles Treaty as extremely unjust.
At the negotiation table, Germany was, according to him, encornered by
France, since France again and again came up with new demands and
restrictions. Winkler developed ideas about the way in which Germany
would reach an adequate position in Europe and about the way in which
the Versailles Treaty would be replaced by a sincere peace, which would
meet all claims of sovereignty. The German army had to be a peace corps;
not by weapons, but by a will as firm as a rock, the German people had
to extort peace. In the brochures Der Weg in die Freiheit
- Die Erfüllung unseres Anspruchs auf Gleichberechtigung und die
anderen außenpolitischen Forderungen des Programms der NSDAP and Groß-Deutschland,
which are not elaborations of the NSDAP-program, Winkler
explained his ideas about the relation between Germany and the foreign
In the brochures Winkler published in 1934 and 1935, he did not join the
NSDAP and did not embrace national-socialist elements. On the
other hand, he expressed his admiration for Hitler's politics, meaning
he considered it a very important act that in October 1933, Germany left
the League of Nations and the Geneva disarmament conference. By doing
so, Germany, according to Winkler, acted strongly, which might result in
a sincere peace. Since this peace was not forthcoming, Winkler took up
his pen. He considered the law which enabled Germany in 1935 to raise an
army as an expression of Germany's equality to the other European
countries. However, Winkler did not advocate war; according to him, the
task of an army was to secure the territory and to repulse an attack.
political ideas in te '30's were nationalistic and pacifistic. This nature is also emphasized by Ellen-Marie
Stengel-Peter, his daughter. She remembers her father as someone who did
not advocate war and who, despite frequent urgings, did not join the NSDAP. According
to her memories, her father thought that Germany might play a dominant
part in Europe because of at the one hand its central geographic
location and on the other hand the intellect of the German people. He
was proud of Germany's cultural inheritance, but did not look down on
In his brochures which date from the '30's as well as in Nostradamus und seine
Prophezeiungen für das zwanzigste Jahrhundert, Winkler wrote
appreciatingly about the in his eyes efficacious politics of Hitler, who
had put the unemployment in Germany to an end. According to his
daughter, Winkler, like many of his compatriots at that time, had no
idea what might be the results of Hitler's politics. In the course of World
War II, it became clear to Winkler what the Nazi's were up
to. Winkler opposed himself against them. Three times, the Gestapo
penetrated his house, looking for writings which contained negative
statements about the war, based upon astrology or the Centuries.
Although the Gestapo did not find incriminating evidence, Winkler was no longer allowed to write. A part of his private
library was confiscated and taken away; his publications were banned and
circulating copies were confiscated. For some time, he was not allowed
to leave Bühl, his place of residence, without the permission of the Gestapo.
As a result, the financial situation of the Winkler family became more
and more worse; his wife had to work to pay the costs of living.
Winkler did not take part in the compiling of national-socialist
propaganda, based upon the Centuries or upon Century-comments.
The national-socialist propaganda brochures Hoe zal deze oorlog
eindigen? (The Hague, NL, 1940), Die Prophezeiungen
des Nostradamus (Brochure-18, Berlin, 1940) and Voorspellingen die uitgekomen
zijn... (Arnhem, NL, 1941) silently, without any specification,
contain fragments, taken from Winkler's Nostradamus und seine
Prophezeiungen... According to Winkler's daughter, this happened
without his knowledge, like he also did not have any knowledge about
book, published in Belgium, in which his Nostradamus-comments
The brochure Europa, verzage nicht! (1953)
In February 1953, Winkler once again wrote a brochure about the relation
between Germany and Europe, entitled Europa, verzage nicht!. In
this brochure, he exposed his vision about Europe being united on a
Christian foundation, and Germany's place and role in it. His vision is
summarized as follows.
In the course of history, Europe, a peninsula which is part of the great
continent of countries between the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean,
including Africa, became the Christian part of the earth, from which Christendom
was spread, to begin with the settlement in Rome of the apostle Simon,
who Christ had named Peter, the Rock upon which He would build his
Church. The Holy Seat is the earthly symbol of the Church, the Cross is
Its heavenly symbol.
After World War II, Europe became urged to make a choice. Some
groups of people are bound to and restricted by nationalistic ideas;
other groups want Europe to become a part of a communist state.
Communism is completely devoted to earth matters, the Church to heavenly
matters. The time urges people to think European, but also to feel European
and to experience European. Only if "Europe" has
entered and fulfilled thinking, feeling and experience, nationalistic
egoism can be put to an end.
In Winkler's vision, European politics is a politic of spiritual and
material European strength. In order to act in such a way, the nations
of Europe should have equal rights. This means, a.o., that Germany,
split up after World War II, again must be
reunited. Such an
achievement is not only the result of human efforts and politics. It is
not man who rules history; it is God who guides the people, man is only
a being in His Hand. The strongest power in the world is the prayer.
This is what German politicians should explain to the German people.
In Winkler's vision, the reunification of Germany could be achieved in
two ways. On the one hand, one could try to profit from the developments
in especially communist China, which developments might bring the
Soviet-Union into isolation. On the other hand, the West might try to
grow in military strength, which might stabilize peace in Europe. The
stronger the West, the sooner the Soviet-Union might be willing to
negotiate about Germany's reunification. This enforcement could be
achieved by the establishing of a European army, which would
really be an army to count with if Germany is allowed to give its
military contribution. Such an army also needs a Europe which is not
split up in separate nations/territories, but is a territory as a whole
with defendable boundaries.
Winkler hoped that those who agreed with his view, would contact him,
and that a society could be founded of people who wanted to think European. In a "statute" at the end of Europa, verzage
nicht!, he described the foundations of such a society.
brochures show the development in his ideas about Europe and the part
which could be played by Germany. He considered the Versailles Treaty as
very humiliating for Germany. He appreciated Hitler's manoeuvres to
restore Germany's position (leaving the League of Nations, the Geneva
disarmament conference, introducing the draft), but he regretted that
these manoeuvres did not result in a new, honest peace treaty. Winkler,
who advocated Great-Germany in the meaning which was en vogue in 1918,
developed pacifistic ideas in order to achieve peace. He considered
communism to be a danger for the world peace, because of its
materialistic, atheistic nature. His political ideas were not related to
those of the NSDAP.
At the end of World War II, the Third Reich fell apart in a
western part, ruled by the Allies, and an eastern part, ruled by the
communist Soviet-Union. It was Winkler's wish that the European
continent would grow out in a united Europe with a European army, which
could be a counter-force towards the Soviet-Union, from a defensive
point of view. According to him, a reunited Germany could play an
important part in a united Europe, since the army of a reunited Germany
could serve the European nations.
A remarkable aspect of all the brochures Winkler wrote, is that he
called upon his readers to step forward and to take action regarding the
matters he discussed.
on Nostradamus and the Centuries
Und dies geheimnisvolle Buch...!
In 1937, the a-political
dies geheimnisvolle Buch...! Das Leben des Michel Nostradamus: die
Geschichte eines Mannes zwischen zwei Welten was published
by Regulus publishers in Görlitz. The title Und dies geheimnisvolle
Buch...! was taken from Act I of Johann Wolfgang Goethe's Faust:
Auf! Hinaus ins weite Land!
Und dies geheimnisvolle Buch,
Von Nostradamus eigner Hand,
Ist es dir nicht Geleit Genug?
the back of the title page of Und dies geheimnisvolle Buch...!,
it reads: Unter Nr. P.218
geprüft von der Ber. u. Pr.-St. für astrologisches und verwandtes
In Und dies geheimnisvolle Buch...!, Winkler described in a
romanticized way the life of Nostradamus and gave comment on more than
forty quatrains. He thoroughly studied old publications about
Nostradamus, such as a biography, written by Cesar, the eldest son of
Nostradamus, born in his second marriage, a biography, written by Jean-Aymes de Chavigny,
and the 1650-P.Leffen-edition, a French edition, printed in Leiden (NL),
which contains the Centuries, the Présages and the
Sixains, the eleventh and twelfth Century and additions to
the sixth, seventh, eighth and tenth Century. Like his research
for some of his other novels, his research on Nostradamus was also
directed towards religious aspects.
In chapter XIII, entitled Ein Schiffstau, das abrollt, it reads
on p.77-78 that Nostradamus foresaw a war, in which many nations would
be opposed to each other. Winkler meant World War I. In
connection with this war, he mentioned the quatrains
02-68 and 03-71 and, without giving the French text in the appendix,
quatrain 06-24. Basing himself upon the quatrains 10-89, 09-66 and 10-42,
Winkler wrote that after this war, a long period of peace would come. Und dies geheimnisvolle Buch...!
contains nothing about the impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany,
nothing about Franco and the Spanish Civil War, Mussolini, Hitler or his
Nostradamus und seine Prophezeiungen für das zwanzigste Jahrhundert
1939, Regulus publishers in Görlitz published Nostradamus und seine
Prophezeiungen für das zwanzigste Jahrhundert. This book,
which was finished in the first half of 1938, contains a couple of
lines in which Winkler appreciatingly wrote about Hitler's statesmanship
as well as the statesmanship of Franco and Mussolini - he attributed
virtues to them in the way he had done in his brochures: peace-minded,
efficacious politics. For Winkler, the regimes of Franco, Hitler and
Mussolini were the result of the influence of Jupiter, the planet which
in his astrological frame of reference represented the
"higher", the Church and eternal values. He opposed these
regimes to bolshevism, which, because of its atheistic nature, he
considered to be the result of the influence of Saturn, the planet which
in his astrological frame of reference represented evil.
According to Winkler, the rise of Hitler was predicted in quatrain
03-58. Following his compatriots Loog and Wöllner, Winkler wrote that around
2000 there would be a war in Europe in which England, France, Germany
and Italy would be involved. Germany would have many victories in the
West and next would be threatened from the East.
In May 1938, Winkler held a lecture,
entitled Nostradamus und seine Prophezeiungen für das zwanzigschte
Jahrhundert, for the Deutsche Gesellschaft
für wissenschaftlichen Okkultismus.
Englands Aufstieg und Niedergang...
In 1940, Richard Hummel publishers in Leipzig published Englands
Aufstieg und Niedergang nach den Prophezeiungen des großen
französischen Sehers Michel Nostradamus aus den Jahren 1555 und 1558.
In this book, it
was attributed to Nostradamus that he had foreseen that Germany would
defeat England smashingly. In a spiritual sense, Germany would become
the leading power in Europe, putting a halt to Europe's decline because
War II, the books on Nostradamus by Winkler, published in
1937, 1939 and 1940, remained unpublished.
prophezeit den Kriegsverlauf
publication on Nostradamus
and the Centuries
In 1943, attributed to Winkler, the brochure Nostradamus prophezeit
den Kriegsverlauf, which consisted of 123 pages, circulated in
Germany. This brochure was supposed to have been published by Regulus
publishers in Görlitz and printed by Hans Kretschmer in
Görlitz-Biesnitz. Actually, this brochure was produced by section 1 of
the Special Operations Executive of the British Secret Service, a
section which was occupied with psychological warfare. The principal
author of this brochure was captain Louis de Wohl (Ludwig von Wohl), who
explained the Germans by means of perverted Century-quatrains and
invented quatrains that Hitler's defeat was imminent. From Und
dies geheimnisvolle Buch...!, De Wohl c.s. copied for example comments
upon quatrains which according to Winkler were fulfilled, his name and
the names of Regulus publishers and Hans Kretschmer. De Wohl c.s. did
not copy material from Nostradamus und seine Prophezeiungen für das
zwanzigste Jahrhundert or Englands Aufstieg und Niedergang...
 In 1952, The stars of war and peace was published, in which
De Wohl described a number of his activities regarding psychological
warfare. He did not discuss the pseudo-Winkler brochure.
Stengel-Peter, Winkler's one and only daughter, was born in Farchant (Garmisch) on October 6,
1940. She is married and has two daughters. She has been a
teacher at the secondary school in Bühl, where she taught drawing/art
history, German, literature and religion. She retired in summer 2005.
In 1996, a novel, written by Stengel, entitled Nostradamus, was
published in Baden-Baden. In the introduction, it was written that the
authoress, "basing herself upon the voluminous research material of
her late father, the noted Century-scholar dr. Bruno Winkler,
described the eventful life of Nostradamus in the context of the
political and social circumstances in France in the 16th century. She
not only wanted to describe the visible course of events in the life of
Nostradamus, but also the personality of this unique human being, who
heavily suffered mentally during many of the visions he got".
Stengel, who is intensively occupied with Nostradamus and is very
cautious about the meaning of the Centuries, is convinced that
Nostradamus predicted that there would be serious disasters during the
millennium change; in connection with this she refers to the earthquake
in Iran in spring 2004 and the tsunami in Asia, Christmas 2004.
She is also convinced that one of the predictions in the Centuries
might deal with the German concentration camps.
In 1998, the novel Franz von Assisi - Nach Studien von
dr. Bruno Winkler, was published. In this novel, Stengel elaborated
material from Der Stern
von Assisi, the novel about Francis which her father had written in
1930. She was fascinated that a wealthy wastrel turned into a saint, who
dressed himself in ashes and whose ideas became known all over the world.
Ellen-Marie Stengel-Peter also writes poems. In 2004, the poem Mummelsee
was published in the series Frankfurter Bibliothek: Das
Zeitgenössische Gedicht. In 2005, the poem Abend in Assuan was
also published in this series. The anthology Lyrik
und Prose unserer Zeit (S. Fischer publishers, 2005) contains a
short novel, entitled Spuren. In 2006, Burg publishers published
the youth novel Der kleine Fisch Pirri, in which a little fish
has exciting adventures and in which the sometimes careless way is
discussed in which humans deal with the environment.
by Ellen-Marie Stengel of novels,
written by her father,
dr. Bruno Winkler
De Meern, the Netherlands, July 1, 2006
T.W.M. van Berkel
updated on April 24, 2008
The titles, places and
year of issue of the mentioned authors are listed in the bibliography.
sources: Winkler: Lebenslauf, in: Der
Rückgriff unter Gesamntschuldnern (Marburg, 1912); Wer ist
wer? 12. Ausgabe von Degeners Wer ist 's?, 1955; Kürschners
Deutscher Literaturkalender - Nekrolog 1936-1970, edition
1973. I thank the Information section of the Historische
Drucke of the Berlin State Library and Ellen-Marie Stengel-Peter,
who kindly gave information about her father, his oeuvre and hers. [text]
- Howe, p.291-293. [text]
the interview with Ellen-Marie Stengel-Peter by Markus Koch,
entitled Deutsch war immer meins, in: Bühl und Umgebung,
the interview Deutsch war immer meins. [text]