facts about the pre-war life of Frans Eduard Farwerck
Frans (Franz) Eduard
Farwerck was born in Amsterdam (NL) on March 4, 1889. His father, Franz
Richard Otto Heinrich Farwerck, a merchant, born on February 24, 1856 in
SchŲppingen (Prussia), was German (on April 28, 1904, he got the Dutch
nationality); his mother,
Elise Dorothea Struve, born on May 1, 1850, was Dutch. Frans Eduard had
one brother, Carl Wilhelm, born in Amsterdam on September 10, 1892. On
December 7, 1920, Carl Wilhelm married Johanna Borrius, born in
Amsterdam on May 3, 1901. From this marriage, three sons were born.
As far as I know, Frans Eduard remained single.
Frans Eduard Farwerck passed through the 3-year "HBS" high school and the
public trade school in Amsterdam. Next, he passed through a trade
education in France, Germany and Great-Britain. In 1909, he started to
work at the branch office of the NV Bruinkolen-briketten-handel in Rotterdam,
of which his father was president of the board of directors. After two
years, he became director of this branch office. In 1912, in Hilversum
(NL), he founded a carpet factory, which in the course of the years was
expanded by means of fusions. In 1933, the NV Verenigde
Nederlandsche Tapijtindustrie was founded. Farwerck became its director.
Besides being director of the NV Verenigde Nederlandsche Tapijtindustrie,
Farwerck had a number of secondary occupations. He was charrman of the
board of the Hilversumsch Bankierskantoor and the
Glasfabriek Leerdam. He was one of the founders of the "Goois
Museum" and one of the founders of treasurer of the Hilversum Rotary
Club. Until the thirties, he also did social work.
About the way he spent his free time, it is known that he practiced
horse riding and collected antique objects.
Le Droit Humain
In 1918, Farwerck
joined Freemasonry. From 1923 to 1933, he was Grandmaster of the
National Council of the Dutch Federation of the International co-mingled
"Le Droit Humain", seated in Paris, in which, in contrast with
other Freemasonry Orders, not only men were active, but also women, on
an equal basis.
In the period in which Farwerck joined Freemasonry, he wrote several
publications. In 1920, the MaÁonnieke Uitgevers
Maatschappij, seated in Amsterdam, 133 Keizersgracht, published the brochure Oordeel.
That year, this publishing company also published a brochure,
entitled De vrouw in de Vrijmetselarij, carrying the author's
name J. Farwerck-Borrius, Farwerck's sister-in-law.
1927, carrying the author's pseudonym B.J. van der Zuylen, the MaÁonnieke
Uitgevers Maatschappij published his book MysteriŽn en Inwijdingen
in de Oudheid. With the use of the pseudonym B.J. van der Zuylen,
Farwerck referred to his membership and activities for Freemasonry. The
initials B and J referred to Boas and Jachin, the left
and right pillar of the gate of King Solomon's Temple. The family name Zuylen
was also an allusion to King Solomon's Temple.
In 1929, in issue 2 of the quarterly Bouwsteenen - voor een veelzijdige harmonische
levens- en wereldbeschouwing: driemaandelijksch tijdschrift gewijd aan
wijsheid en schoonheid van alle tijden, an article, entitled Nostrodamus,
was published, carrying the name B.J. van der Zuylen. This was a
non-political article in which Farwerck tried to demonstrate that it was
possible to predict the future and that Nostradamus was a gifted seer,
which could be seen in his predictions, in which he described the future
in detail. Bouwsteenen was published by the aforementioned MaÁonnieke Uitgevers Maatschappij.
Later, this company, which was active until 1932, published Nostrodamus
as a brochure.
In 1931, the MaÁonnieke Uitgevers Maatschappij published De Hiram
mythe en het 3e Rituaal.
In 1934, Farwerck ended his Freemasonry membership. According to some
sources, he was expelled from Freemasonry because of his membership in
1933 of the NSB, the Dutch national-socialist movement..
At the time of
the activities in the Hilversum Rotary Club, Farwerck met reverend
Gerrit van Duyl, who later became speaker for the NSB. If this
meeting finally resulted in Farwerck's joining of the NSB, is not
clear for me. On November 28, 1931, in the period in which he was
Grandmaster of the Dutch branch of the Freemasonry Order "Le Droit
Humain", the Nederlandsch Ario-Germaansch Genootschap, a
pendant of the German Edda-society, was
planned to be founded in Utrecht (NL). By means of Arian literature and
archeology, this society wanted to put an end to ignorance about
ancestry and history. The members of this society postulated that
primal-Arian culture was the source of all later cultures. Farwerck
was one of those who signed the brochure in which the foundation of the Nederlands Ario-Germaans Genootschap
was announced, but one day before the actual foundation, he withdrew
In 1933, the year in which Hitler came to power in Germany, Farwerck joined the NSB. It is possible, due to his
involvement in the Nederlandsch Ario-Germaansch Genootschap, that he
meanwhile became convinced that not Freemasonry, but Arian culture was
the foundation upon which the world was based and which he could develop
further. His membership of the NSB resulted in being expelled
from the Dutch branch of the Freemasonry Order "Le
In the beginning years of his membership of the NSB, he became one of
the most influential advisors of ir. Anton Adriaan Mussert, the General
Leader of the NSB. The most important function of Farwerck in
these years was propaganda leader. He aimed the propaganda
first at labourers and farmers, next at the middle classes. As far as I
know, he did not write propaganda, based upon the Centuries.
In July 1937, Farwerck founded Der Vaderen Erfdeel, a
foundation, identical with the German SS-organization Ahnenerbe.
Its aim was to chart the archeologic, German past of "Dietsland"
(Great-Netherlands). The field of activity of this foundation
corresponds with the field of activities of the Nederlandsch Ario-Germaansch
Genootschap, from which
Farwerck, shortly before its foundation, end 1931, withdrew himself. The
monthly De wolfsangel - Strijdblad voor Nederlandsch
volksbewustzijn, founded in 1936, which contained articles about
rune signs, archeology and old customs, became the official monthly of Der
Vaderen Erfdeel. Due to a proposal of Farwerck, who advocated battle
and warfare, the wolf trap (wolfsangel) became the emblem of the WA,
the "army" of the NSB. In the NSB, Farwerck also
introduced the use of old German names for the Dutch names of the months.
In 1937, reprinted in 1943, Nenasu published a brochure written by
Farwerck, entitled Het
volksche element in het nationaal-socialisme. This brochure carried
the name F. van Schoping, another of Farwerck's author's pseudonyms. In
1928, under the banner of Der Vaderen Erfdeel, two publications
of Farwerck were published under his own name: Het is anders dan men ons leerde
and Levend verleden, for which he travelled a lot and
investigated local folklore, myths and legends and made a lot of
pictures of objects which were important for his study. In 1940,
the brochure Onze
voorvaderen lieten hun stempel om den goudsberg was published.
Dr. L. de Jong, who extensively invesetigated the circumstances of the
Netherlands in World War II, characterized Farwerck in his quality of
member of the NSB as an ascetic, uncommonly zealous bachelor, one
of the most educated in NSB-circles, who was not in the front,
clearly dominated Mussert, was admired by many and envied by many.
Against the fact that Farwerck was one of the most influential advisors
of Mussert, was the fact that he had a sharp conflict with mr. Meinoud Marinus Rost van Tonningen,
who in 1936 had joined the NSB. Rost van Tonningen was an
adversary of Mussert and his confidants, among them Farwerck, about whom he knew
that he had been a member of Freemasonry.
The German national-socialists considered Freemasonry as a hostile
organization which, together with the Jews, wanted to make a bid for
world power. Whoever had been a freemason, no matter how short, was
marked for the rest of his life. Despite these ideas, former freemasons
could join the NSB. Within the NSB, however, this was not
always supported. Shortly after joining the NSB, his past as a
freemason became a source of troubles for Farwerck and finally resulted
in his fall. On November 14, 1935, the Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant
published the article Het Fascisme
der N.S.B. - onder leiding der Vrijmetselarij, in which was unveiled
that according to La Franc-MaÁonnerie feminine... (N. Smitkow,
1933) F. Farwerck was the representative of the Dutch Federation which,
according to the daily, meant that the leadership of the NSB-propaganda
was trusted to Freemasonry. The daily therefore asked if Christians
still could be a member of a fascist movement, lead by Freemasons, and
if fascists still could be a member of the NSB.
In 1937, Van Duyl secretly prepared a campaign with the apparant
intention to tackle Farwerck. As far as I know, this campaign was not
carried out. By the end of 1937, after the failure of a conspiracy to
put Mussert offside, Van Duyl had to leave the NSB. In the
edition of January 21, 1939, the Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant,
basing itself upon Rondschrijven
IV, an intern manifesto of harliners within the NSB, wrote
about agitation in the NSB against the leaders of the movement (Mussert, Van Geelkerken
and Van Bilderbeek) who instead of comeradship and decency put treachery
and slander at the service of the people's principles. According to Rondschrijven IV,
the spirit of secrecy, introduced by Farwerck, the former Grandmaster of
Freemasonry, was undesired to the people.
In the summer of 1940, plans were made for the foundation of the
Nederlandsche Kultuurraad, an institute which had to bring Dutch
culture and science into line with Germany. Farwerck was one of the
candidates for this institute. However, when rumours were spread about
his being a Freemason in the past, probably due to the intervention of
Rost van Tonningen (which would mean that the hostility between Farwerck
and Rost van Tonningen, dating from 1936, would come to an escalation in
1940), the Sicherheitsdienst searched Farwerck's villa and found
a letter, addressed to Farwerck, from the National Council of
Freemasonry. Mussert had no other possibility than to let Farwerck fall,
but he did not think it was easy, due to the merits of Farwerck. Der Vaderen
Erfdeel was transferred to the Volksche Werkgemeenschap, an
institute, related to the Dutch SS. Despite this, Farwerck, although
embittered, remained a member of the NSB. From time to time, he
Rost van Tonningen. In
1941, Volk en Bodem publishers published Farwerck's brochure Wien
NeÍrlandsch bloed... het rassenvraagstuk en zijn beteekenis voor
Nederland, which carried the pseudonym F. van Schoping.
in de oudheid
years after 1945
After World War
II, Farwerck wrote a number of publications about North-European
(German) mysticism. Using his pseudonym B.J. van der
Zuylen, he wrote Noord-Europese
MysteriŽn en Inwijdingen in de Oudheid and Noord-Europa, een der
bronnen van de MaÁonnieke Symboliek, both published in 1953 by
Thule publishers in Hilversum, a company which in 1953 also published Het teken van dood en herleving en het raadsel
van het Angelsaksische runenkistje, carrying Farwerck's own name,
who in the preface wrote that this book was an elaboration of
Van der Zuylen's Noord-Europese MysteriŽn en Inwijdingen in de
Oudheid, as if he had elaborated a book, written by someone else.
Once again using his own name, he wrote the book De MysteriŽn der Oudheid en hun
inwijdingsriten, published in 1960 by Thule publishers.
In the period 1955-1960, Farwerck frequently wrote articles for the
quarterly Nehalennia about topics like werewolves and the
In 1970, reprinted in 1978, Ankh-Hermes publishers in
Deventer (NL) published Farwerck's book Noordeuropese mysteriŽn en hun sporen tot heden,
which can be considered to be his completion of the material which he
published in the years after the war. In Noordeuropese mysteriŽn
en hun sporen tot heden, he reconstructed, basing himself upon
literature, archeology and ethynology, German secret teachings and
rituals such as initiation rites and funeral rites.
In 1976, Schors publishers in Amsterdam (NL) published a reprint of MysteriŽn en inwijdingen in de oudheid,
which in 1927 he wrote, using his pseudonym B.J. van der Zuylen.
After the war, Farwerck wrote nothing about Nostradamus and the Centuries,
as far as I can see.
by Farwerck on Nostradamus, discussed on this website
version of an article, originalle published in issue 2 of volume 1929 of
Bouwsteenen - voor een veelzijdige harmonische
levens- en wereldbeschouwing: driemaandelijksch tijdschrift gewijd aan
wijsheid en schoonheid van alle tijden (Amsterdam).
De Meern, the
Netherlands, July 3, 2011
T.W.M. van Berkel
Expression of thanks
The author of this article expresses his gratitude to mr. R. Dijkstra,
librarian of the Theosofische Vereniging Nederland (Dutch Theosophical
Society), for sending a Xerox-copy of the brochure Nostrodamus
and for providing information about the magazine Bouwsteenen.
The titles, places and
year of issue of the mentioned authors are listed in the bibliography.
Frans Eduard Farwerck (http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frans_Eduard_Farwerck)
and a short biographic article about Farwerck in his quality of
director of the NV Verenigde
Nederlandsche Tapijtindustrie (http://www.iisg.nl/ondernemers/pdf/pers-0466-01.pdf).
Biographical facts about Farwerck's family were taken from http://www.humanitarisme.nl/personen/index.php?m=family&id=I16790.
this Freemasonry's Lodge still exists (http://www.droit-humain.org/paysbas).
for Farwerck's publications: http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frans_Eduard_Farwerck
en www.kb.nl. [text]
Het Vaderland, November 18 and 27, 1931. Online available on http://kranten.kb.nl,
like the Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant.
Jong-1972, 4-II, pp.582. [text]
Jong-1972, 4-II, pp.581-582. [text]